The Business of Fish Farming
Doing the fish farming business in India can prove to be very profitable because about 60 % of India’s population likes to eat fish. The main reason for this is the deliciousness of fish and the many proteins and vitamins present in it, due to which it remains the first choice of meat eaters. And also, people from all corners of India and abroad will find many people who eat fish, so the demand for fish always remains in the market.
In this situation, if you start Fish Farming, then it can be a very profitable business for you. To start this business, it is very necessary to have water. At the same time, our country has various rivers, lakes, and seas. Anyone can start this business with their assistance. At the same time, you will require land to conduct this business. In which water can be filled and after catching the fish can be kept and farming in it.
Market Scope for Fish Farming Business
In India, more than 60% of people like to eat fish in their food And it has a share of 1.4% of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). If we talk about the entire agriculture-related business, then their share of Indian GDP is 4.6%. You can guess from this how much business is flourishing in Fish Farming India. At the same time, the main reason for the increase in demand is the deliciousness of fish as well as the many proteins and vitamins it contains. That’s why its market is increasing globally.
However, It is also this task called Fish Farming that is complicated or difficult. But if it is started with proper technology and research, then the difficulties in it can probably be easily fought. So it is better to start only after a lot of thinking and deep research. Therefore the business of Fish Farming can be the right decision for an entrepreneur.
How is fish farming different from traditional agriculture?
Fish farming is a type of agriculture that is based on raising fish in captivity. Fish farming differs from traditional agrarian farming in a few ways. First, fish are raised in large, enclosed tanks rather than in open fields. This allows fish farmers to control the environment and temperature of the tanks, which in turn allows them to produce a greater variety of fish.
Second, fish farming is generally more efficient than traditional agriculture because fish require less land and water than land mammals or crops. Finally, fish farming is becoming increasingly popular because it is more sustainable than traditional agriculture.
What are the benefits of fish farming?
The benefit of the fish farming is not only limited to the supply of food. There are many different benefits of the fish farming. Some of them are:
1. Environmental Benefits: The fish farming helps in making environmental balance by providing the needed fish food and also reducing the production of the harmful gas in the air.
2. Economic Benefits: The fish farming is very much beneficial to the economic growth of the nation. We can use the fish farming facilities in fish farming instead of using the traditional farming.
3. Human Health: The marine life includes so many different benefits for the human health. The major benefits of the fish farming are the fish oil and the fish meat. Fish oil is a healthy food which helps in the production of the healthy fat. Fish meat is also very healthy food that helps in protecting the body from different diseases.
4. Other Benefits: The other benefits of the fish farming are so many. The major benefits are the fertilizer and the food for the animals.
What are the key considerations when starting a fish farming business?
Investment in Business
As far as the cost of starting a fish farming business is concerned, it depends on how big the pond is. You can also open a small-scale fish farm, according to the size of the pond you keep fish in, and then more fish seeds have to be put in it, which increases the cost.
In the fish farming business plan in India, if you start with a normal pond, then you can start fish farming at a cost of about 50000 and in a big pond about 100000 to 150000 rupees. To supply water to the pond, you will have to buy a water pumping set, which will cost around Rs 30000 and buy a fishing device or net.
According to the size of your pond, you will have to hire hardworking workers, that is, if the total cost is added to start it on a large scale, it will take about 5 lakh rupees.
Location selection for Fish Farming
It is critical to select the proper location for fish farming; keep in mind that environment and location make a significant difference in fish farming. for example, Fish grow slowly in the winter or in colder climates. If you live in India, try to finish the pond construction during the winter season.
So you can start raising fish a little before summer. And A constant supply of water is the most important aspect of fish farming. If you want to start in a community, you must choose a pond with a decent water source. However, if the location is in a city or town, you must have access to the municipal water supply.
Select Species for Fish Farming
Fish farming is the most important and essential thing in business in India Selection of fish species for farming. In India, people use in abundance to eat fish of species like Rohu, Katla, Murrel, Tuna Grass, Sharp and Hisla, Silver Crop, Common Crop and more, so the fish farming of these species will be more beneficial for you. These fish also adapt themselves according to the monsoon and the situation.
However, the climate of India is considered favorable for all types of fish farming. But even after this, the entrepreneur doing fish farming business has to choose the fish breed after considering many things like the fish produced in that area and environment, local demand and so on.
Finding the Right Equipment
Ponds are constructed for the fish business in many ways, if you do not have space, then you can buy big plastic tanks or if you have enough space then you can build a big pond. On the other hand, if your budget is less, then you can easily build a small pond with the help of a shovel. After the construction of the pond, bleaching powder and lime are sprayed, due to which the insects and unnecessary creatures that harm the fish in the selected area die.
Nowadays most of the people use biofloc fish farming by not constructing the pond. Another major element is the acquisition of specific types of equipment. The following are some of the most important tools and equipment for fish farming. Pumps, Nets and Seine Reels, Aeration devices, Graders, Fish counters, Handling and Grading Equipment.
Feeds Arrangement for Fish
To speed up the fish trade, the fish must be able to survive and reproduce in the pond. As a result, you should plan ahead of time for the fish’s nutritional needs. Keep in mind that the food should be beneficial to the fish and, if possible, organic. And the entrepreneur has to prepare the pond with such a technique that the fish continue to get food even inside the pond. But fishes need outer feed in addition to inner feed.
Keep in mind that good quality fish food helps in rapid growth of fishes. And most of the farmers or entrepreneurs of India who are associated with fish farming consider the internal food produced in the pond as suitable for the fish. But if the entrepreneur wants to do commercial production of fishes, then only indoor food is not enough for the fishes and the entrepreneur has to provide nutritious and high quality outer food also to the fishes.
Care and Management for Fish Farming
The duty of the entrepreneur does not end only after arranging for commercial fish farming. Now is the time to take good care of your fish. An entrepreneur doing fish farming business has to keep the environment of the pond friendly to fish. at the same time nutritious and quality food also has to be fed to the fish. But apart from all this, proper management and care of fish also has to be done.
Especially when the fish keep growing, they require special care, so the entrepreneur should test the pH level of the pond water regularly. According to one figure, the ideal pH level for fish farming is 7 to 8. Apart from this, the entrepreneur will have to ensure the safety of the fish in the fish pond from various predators and other birds that damage them. And also the entrepreneur will need to take necessary steps against fish diseases.
As it is said about diseases that prevention is better than cure, so the entrepreneur should manage and take care of fish in such a way that there is no adverse effect on their health. As a result, take special care of the fish.
Marketing Your Fish Farming Business
The fish market is the primary market for selling fish in the fish farming industry. But if the production capacity of the entrepreneur exceeds the demand for fish available in that particular area, then the entrepreneur may need an effective marketing plan. And even today, most of the fishermen sell their produce easily in the local markets.
In almost every Indian city, a fish market has been established. Where you can also sell your catch. Aside from that, you can sell your fish directly to hotels or small shopkeepers. But there is a huge demand for Indian fish in the international markets as well. Therefore, if the entrepreneur wishes, he can also export his product to foreign countries.