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The Ultimate Startup Guide for Fly Ash Brick Manufacturing

How to Start a Fly Ash Brick Manufacturing Business.

With India’s construction industry adopting sustainable practices, the popularity of eco-friendly fly ash bricks is rising. Previously, clay bricks dominated the market; however, cement bricks have gradually become favoured, and now fly ash bricks are gaining traction. Fly ash is a coal combustion byproduct, and India has it in abundance, making it ideal for brick production. Launching a fly ash brick business could be profitable. This venture is suitable for small-scale operations, requiring minimal investment and space. We offer a comprehensive guide to establishing a fly ash brick manufacturing business.

Market Scope for Fly Ash Bricks

Fly ash bricks are becoming popular due to several advantages. These bricks are environmentally friendly, cost-efficient, and stronger than traditional bricks. This has led to increased usage in construction. Market research values the global fly ash market at USD 13.24 billion in 2023, with projections of reaching USD 20.47 billion by 2030, advancing at a 6.5% CAGR. The booming construction industry is driving demand for sustainable materials. Moreover, government support for fly ash utilization bodes well for entrepreneurs looking to venture into fly ash brick production as a profitable business opportunity.

Investment for Fly Ash Brick Business

The investment in starting the fly ash bricks manufacturing business completely depends on the scale and location of the business. Generally, A small-scale fly ash bricks unit might require an investment of around RS 3 to 5 lakhs, while a larger operation with advanced machinery and a more extensive production capacity could demand investments ranging from RS  10 to 20 lakhs or more. The initial capital expenditure includes expenses for land acquisition, construction of the manufacturing unit, and procurement of machinery and equipment.  Moreover, it is important to factor in working capital for raw materials, labour, and other operational expenses while considering the overall investment.

Licenses and Permissions for Fly Ash Brick Making

Compliance with legal requirements is crucial for the fly ash bricks manufacturing business. First, register your fly ash brick manufacturing business as a private limited company or a proprietorship, depending on your preference. Obtain environmental clearance from the relevant authorities, as fly ash brick manufacturing involves the use of industrial waste. When bricks are used in construction, their quality should not be compromised So, getting BIS certification will raise the standards for its quality. Register for Goods and Services Tax (GST) to comply with taxation regulations. Finally, obtain a factory license from the local municipal corporation or industrial development authority.

Location and Space for Business

Establishing a fly ash bricks manufacturing business in India requires careful consideration of space and location. Typically, the space needed for such a venture depends on the scale of production and machinery involved. A small-scale fly ash brick unit may require around 1000 to 1500 square feet, while larger operations might necessitate more extensive facilities. It’s crucial to choose a location strategically, considering factors such as proximity to raw materials, and accessibility for transportation of finished products. Keep in mind that apart from land, the entrepreneur should also be cautious about the availability of basic facilities like electricity, water etc.    

Raw Materials for Fly Ash Brick Making

The raw materials mainly used in the brick-making business are as follows. Fly ash is mainly used as raw material to start this business.  Apart from this, cement, gypsum, lime, gravel, sand etc. are also used as auxiliary raw materials. It would be advisable for the entrepreneur to purchase the raw material from a local supplier, but since fly ash is generally not available everywhere, the entrepreneur may have to order the raw material from a distance. So, establish reliable partnerships to ensure a steady supply.

Machines for Fly Ash Brick Making

To establish a fly ash bricks manufacturing business, several essential machines are required. Firstly, a fly ash brick-making machine is indispensable. And, a mixer is crucial for blending fly ash with other materials such as cement, sand, and water to achieve the desired consistency. A conveyor system facilitates the smooth transportation of raw materials and finished bricks within the manufacturing unit. Additionally, a hydraulic system is essential for the brick moulding process, which ensures uniform and durable products. Lastly, a curing chamber plays a vital role in allowing the bricks to set and strengthen over time. And, you will find many types of automatic and semi-automatic machines in the market both offline and online, which have made making bricks easier.

Manufacturing Process of Fly Ash Bricks

In the fly ash manufacturing process, first, mix the fly ash, gypsum, lime, and sand in a mixer machine. Then add water in the same proportion to achieve a homogeneous mixture.

The quality of the raw materials may cause variations in their proportions. Workers transport the prepared mixture to the automatic brick machine via a conveyor belt.

The automatic or semi-automatic machines then press the mixture into moulds to shape the bricks.

After moulding, workers place the bricks on wooden pallets to dry for two days. Following this initial drying, they move the bricks to an open area for further curing.

Implement quality control measures to ensure the produced bricks meet the required standards. Now the bricks are ready for dispatching.

Marketing Tips for Fly Ash Bricks

Effectively marketing your fly ash bricks is crucial for business success. First, create a strong brand identity for your fly ash bricks, highlighting their eco-friendly and cost-effective attributes. So, showcase your products at construction and building material trade shows to attract potential customers. Next, developing partnerships with construction companies, contractors, and real estate developers can lead to long-term collaborations while offering discounts or special promotions can attract initial interest for bulk orders. Also, establish an online presence through a website and social media platforms to reach a wider audience.

Profit from Bricks Business

The profit of this business depends on the condition of your market and the size of the market. And, the better the quality of your fly ash bricks, the greater be demand and accordingly, the higher the profit. For example, if you sell about 1 lakh bricks in a month, you can earn about Rs 1.5 to 2 lakh after reducing other expenses. If you want, you can produce more than 1 lakh bricks in a month and earn more money. Also, by having good marketing knowledge in the fly ash bricks business and by giving the right offers to attract customers, you can make your mark and earn good profits from this business.

How to Start a Fly Ash Brick Manufacturing Business.


Starting a fly ash brick manufacturing business in India requires careful planning and adherence to regulatory requirements. The growing demand for sustainable building materials, coupled with government support, makes it an ideal time to enter this market. By following this comprehensive guide, entrepreneurs can handle various aspects of starting and running a successful fly ash brick manufacturing business.

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